Physicians have some unique challenges when it comes to planning for retirement. Because of the amount of time they spend in medical school, their careers start a few years later than their peers, and often the priority is repaying education-related debt.
However, it’s critical to start putting money into a retirement account as early as possible. Thanks to compounding interest, a few dollars invested early in a career can make a big difference in the size of the nest egg at retirement. The Benefit of Investing Early chart below shows investing consistently at an early age allows Chloe to accumulate more wealth than Lyla who decided to start investing ten years later.
Source: J.P. Morgan Guide to Retirement 2017 Edition
Whether physicians are early or late in their careers, it’s important to start setting aside retirement savings. It could be as simple as contributing to an employer’s 401(k) or 403(b) plan, which allow tax-deferred contributions and often include employer matching. Standard IRAs and Roth IRAs are two more options for making tax-deferred retirement contributions. When possible, contribute the maximum allowable amounts, but again, saving something is far better than saving nothing at all.
Even physicians who are self-employed may be eligible to open individual, self-directed 401(k) plans, often called solo 401(k)s, in which they can contribute to retirement savings. Self-employed physicians who have a need and ability for higher tax reduction savings, can also consult a financial professional for guidance around pension like plans for small business owners.
Of course, signing up to contribute to a retirement account is just the first step. Depending, on the plan, physicians who are planning for retirement will also need to determine the appropriate investment strategy. Retirement plans often facilitate a variety or financial products, ranging from low-volatility government securities to higher volatility stocks. Risk tolerance should be carefully considered along with retirement goals and your time horizon.
As you consider the complexity of planning for financial independence, you may find it helpful to hire a Certified Financial Planner Professional. They are knowledgeable about investment accounts and can help you with a variety of financial topics, including the 6 Money Decisions.
If you would like help with securing a solid financial future for you and your family, contact SDT Planning today.
For over 50 years, Spaugh Dameron Tenny has provided comprehensive financial planning for physicians and dentists in Charlotte, NC. In addition to providing personalized advice, we walk our clients through their options to help maximize finances and maintain financial security.
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